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Deciduous fruit trees examples

Deciduous fruit trees examples



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Deciduous fruit trees examples

The following are examples of deciduous fruit trees.

Amelanchier (Service) - The service tree has an upright, rounded habit, small glossy leaves and flowers that are white, pink, blue or purple. It is grown as an ornamental tree and can grow as large as 10m tall. Fruit: The white or red berries, or small clusters of berries, are delicious and make excellent jams and preserves. The tree should be pruned regularly, usually every three years, to reduce competition with other more vigorous trees.

Armenia - The Armenian mulberry is a deciduous tree, usually trained into a tree shape, with very small leaves, pink or white flowers and yellow fruit. The plant is cultivated in temperate regions of Europe and America, where it is a traditional ornamental tree, and is a good choice for small spaces. The white flowers in early spring are followed by a crop of bright red berries that last well into late summer. Trees can reach 10m in height.

Aronia (Eureka) - The aronia tree has yellowish-green or greyish-green and glossy leaves and small white or pink flowers in early spring. It is widely cultivated and is particularly suitable for small gardens, being evergreen in colder regions, but deciduous in warmer areas. Its fruit is sweet and attractive and a good source of vitamin C. The trees are suitable for planting either alone or as part of a group. They grow to a height of about 15m and can live for around 150 years.

Cerasus (Cercis) - The European or common lilac, Cercis siliquastrum, is a deciduous species with glossy leaves. The flowers, which are borne in loose clusters, have six petals and usually appear before leaves in spring. Flowers are followed by pale red or white fruit. This evergreen shrub needs full sun but will not tolerate heavy shade. In cold climates it does best in a protected spot in the garden, where it can be used to form a large shrub group. The lilac has become so popular that it has been introduced as an ornamental into tropical and subtropical regions. The plants are easily propagated from seed.

The white-flowered hawthorn is an informal evergreen shrub, which can be grown as a single plant or as part of a group. The fruits of the hawthorn are the seeds of a shrub or small tree with green foliage and white flowers. There is also a large variety of hawthorns that have attractive golden-yellow fruit and a long flowering period. The flowers are usually preceded by a long flowering period and then by a period of fruit formation. There is a huge choice of hybrids in many different colours, sizes and growing habits. The species and its hybrids, although they have many useful features, are not as well adapted as many other species for cultivation as gardens because they are a little difficult to propagate, especially from seed. There are many ways of crossing species to produce hybrids, and these can be obtained from many nurseries.

Laurus nobilis can be used as a hedging and windbreak plant in the garden.

Hawthorns are excellent for use as a windbreak. They are also effective in preventing birds building their nests in the garden. To control their growth as a windbreak, a thorny spur can be pricked on to some of the lower branches. The plant can also be grown as a standard evergreen hedge in a warm, sunny position. The prickly spurs will not do any harm to the gardener when pricked. It is the practice of many gardeners to train each successive plant over an earlier one.

A thorny spur can be pricked to mark out a windbreak.

The thorny spur of hawthorn is also effective in controlling the growth of other spiny plants, such as the nettle. Nettles grow vigorously and make a good thick cushion once established in a sheltered situation. The spiny growth of the nettle tends to keep out the grasses and weeds and prevents them dominating. Pricking the spurs or using thorny hedging plants such as the white beech will help control the nettle. The white beech is a useful and beautiful woodland tree, which is often used as a windbreak.

The beautiful white beech can be used as a windbreak hedge. It is also used as a source of timber, especially for poles, and for other useful products such as firewood.

## Hawthorn varieties

Many gardeners buy a range of varieties and cross them to get the perfect plant for their garden. These hybrids have many different features. The flowering of some may start the end of the year, while others will flower in early spring. They are also available in different leaf colours.You may have to experiment to get the variety that suits your garden best, but one thing is for sure – a mixture of different varieties and different colours will look fantastic.

### White hawthorn

This white hawthorn has the most attractive, almost creamy flowers. It forms a clump of about 12 ft across and is hardy, even down to -4°C. It is the best value of all hawthorn varieties.

### Yellow-leaved hawthorn

This is the least attractive of all the varieties and is only hardy down to -10°C. It is a small, tight bush with yellow-green leaves. The flowers are very pale yellow and grow in clusters, rather than singles.

### Pink-flowered hawthorn

This is an earlier-flowering variety than the white hawthorn. The flowering lasts until about late spring, when the weather is becoming warm. The leaves are a pale pink. It is a beautiful variety and very hardy.

### Dark-leaved red hawthorn

This variety has a good bush shape and the leaves are a darker shade of red than the pink-flowered variety. It's a later-flowering variety that's hardy from -15°C to -5°C.

### Dark-leaved white-flowered variety

Another popular late-flowering variety, which has a more open bush shape and a strong white flower. It's also hardy down to -15°C and has white blossom. It is very popular and is one of the easiest to propagate.

### Evergreen hawthorn

This is a hardy, evergreen, spreading variety that forms a thick bush. The evergreen leaves grow on the branches, and the flowers have no petals and grow from the middle of the bush. The flowers look almost like those of the white-flowered variety, but without the pink blush. The flowers are pale and in clusters and grow throughout spring.

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# COTTAGE MARIGOLD

Cineraria maritima, known as the sea holly, is a perennial herb that is native to Italy. There are two main types of marigold: the tall, bushy one and the dwarf, rounded one. Both look very pretty in flower, although they do have different uses. There are several cultivars of marigolds on the market, which are all variations of the above two species. There are dwarf cinerarias, such as 'Miniature Giant', which are miniature versions of the tall variety. 'Spiral' is a round variety with a large number of pink-coloured marigolds, and 'Pixie Mix' is a miniature variety with small white flowers. All of these varieties have a good


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