Beets are an excellent vegetable, rich in minerals and vitamins, and easy to grow.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Beta vulgaris
Family : Amaranthaceae
Type : Vegetable, biennial
Height : 40 to 60 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Light, humus, neutral ph
Harvest : As soon as the root reaches 10 cm
- Cooking: beetroot recipes
- Health: benefits and virtues of beets
- Read also: Cooking raw beetroot
Maintenance, from sowing to harvest, should therefore not be a problem for tasting, both raw and cooked.
Sowing and planting beetroot
Sown directly in place or planted from young plants bought in stores, beets are easy to grow.
The beetroot enjoying the rather rich soils, it is advisable to amend the soil beforehand with a manure and algae type fertilizer to mix with the earth.
This step is the guarantee of having beautiful and delicious beets when harvested.
If you want to sow beetroot, prefer sowing inApril, May or June directly in place in the vegetable garden.
The beet emerges quickly as it only takes 10-12 days after sowing the seeds.
Make sure there will be no more frost or protect them, if necessary, through a plastic tunnel.
- Dig a furrow 2 cm deep.
- If you have several furrows, space them approximately 40 cm apart.
- Sow 2-3 seeds every 25 cm approximately.
- Water regularly in fine rain.
- Thin as soon as the first leaves appear to keep only the most vigorous young plant.
Purchased in a bucket or if you preferred to sow it in a bucket to protect it from the cold, the beetroot is planted throughout spring.
> Space each plant 25 cm apart.
> If you have several lines, space them about 40 cm apart.
> Water regularly, avoiding wetting the foliage.
Cultivation and maintenance of beets
After sowing or planting, growing and caring for beets is relatively easy.
The main focus is on watering in case of drought, as beets appreciate a certain level of humidity.
- Beets fear drought and hot summer temperatures.
- A lack of water leads to hardening of the roots which also become fibrous.
- Remember to water as soon as the soil becomes dry from May to September.
- Mulching at the base of the beets helps to maintain humidity for longer.
Harvest and conservation
The beet harvest period spans end of May to August depending on the period of planting or sowing.
As soon as the beet root reaches 10 cm, you can pull it out and eat it, both raw and cooked.
- Harvesting takes place as and when required because it keeps better in the ground with its leaves than in the refrigerator.
- Carefully lift the beet with a fork or a spade without damaging it.
- Remember to harvest all your beets before the first frosts.
Preserving the beet:
Beets can be eaten for months if done under the right conditions.
- Once out of the ground, cut the rootlets of the beetroot.
- Remove the foliage by cutting 1 cm from the beet.
- Roughly brush the beets to remove the largest.
- Dry them well before storing them in sand, in a cool but well ventilated room.
Good to know about beetroot
Beetroot is eaten, whereas the varieties known as chard or perry are grown only for their leaves.
Beetroot, its name Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, is a subspecies of the Amaranthaceae family that is cultivated primarily for its roots.
Beets are also used for sugar production but for that we cultivate thesugar beet, particularly rich in sucrose.
Beetroot is part of the same family as chard or spinach.
It is rich in sugar and particularly appreciated in salads. You will also do the full of vitamins, fiber and minerals !
Beets are also rich invitamin C and the leaves contain a large proportion ofvitamin A. Finally, it should be noted that beets are rich in fiber, protein and betaine.
- To discover: all the beetroot-based recipes
- Read also: cooking raw beetroot
- Health benefits and virtues of beetroot
Storing beets in sand allows you to store them all winter.