Swiss chard, chard or perry, this is a vegetable that is appreciated as much for its leaves as for its chard or ribs.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Beta vulgaris
Type: Biennial, vegetable
Height: 30 to 50 cm
Exhibition: Sunny, light shade
Ground : Rather rich and acidic
Sowing period: Spring
Harvest: July to November
- Health: benefits of chard
This biennial is valued for all its parts, leaves and ribs.
Sowing and planting chard
Chard, or chard, is a vegetable that can be sown in spring as well as planted a little later if you bought it in a cup.
Swiss chard seedlings:
If you want to sow, prefer sowingapril or may in nursery for regions with a cold climate or directlyin place for the regions south of the Loire.
- Make sure there is no more frost or protect them, if necessary, with a plastic tunnel.
- Broadcast sow about 2 cm deep.
- For the seedlings in the nursery, transplant in the ground as soon as 4 or 5 leaves form, spacing the plants 30 to 40 cm in all directions
- For the sowing in place, thin to 30-40 cm as soon as the first leaves appear.
Swiss chard plantation:
Purchased in a cup, the chard is planted throughout the spring, every 30 to 40 cm in all directions.
- Space each chard plant about 30 cm apart and each row 40 cm.
- Water regularly after planting to keep the substrate slightly moist.
Swiss chard harvest
The harvest period is generally spread out from July until the first frosts according to the period of planting or sowing and your needs.
- Cut or sharply break the ribs at ground level.
- Select the larger ribs first.
- Harvesting takes place as needed.
Swiss chard, chard in winter
The maintenance of chard in winter consists of 2 phases, one before frost and the other during thaw, when vegetation resumes.
Before the first frosts:
- It is best to protect your chard from the cold.
- Form a mound of earth around the chard so as to reach the height of the leaves
- Cover everything with a thick mulch of fallen leaves
Chard after winter:
- We remove the mantle of dead leaves at the end of winter to let the leaves reappear
- We can then start harvesting the chard again
To know about chard
From the same family as the beet, chard, or chard, is appreciated for its foliage and for its ribs which are of great culinary interest.
It is eaten both raw and cooked, like spinach, but it is given a sweeter taste.
It is in the south, near Nice, that chard has become an essential vegetable. It can be cooked as a gratin as well as an omelet, a pie and even a dessert.
Chard is undoubtedly a forgotten vegetable that deserves to be on our plates more often.
Benefits of chard:
The virtues of chard are numerous and often unknown to the general public.
Low in calories and rich in fiber, it is a source of vitamins C and A, iron and magnesium, which makes it an excellent vegetable to fight against fatigue.
It improves transit and has laxative and diuretic effects on our body.
> To discover: all our chard-based recipes
Smart tip about Swiss chard
Swiss chard likes to keep the soil moist, especially in hot weather. Do not hesitate to mulch the base in summer to keep the soil cool.
- Read also: cultivate ancient vegetables
© Jean-Marie Polese