The charcoal offers a very original and very decorative foliage.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Euonymus
Family : Celastraceae
Type : Shrub
Height : 0.5 to 5 m
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
Ground : Ordinary
Foliage : Obsolete or persistent -Fruiting : September October
Maintenance, from planting to pruning, will improve the growth of your spindles.
Choose a charcoal planting in the fall to help take root and therefore recovery.
If you must plant in the spring, plan for more regular watering during the summer.
- Charcoal love the sun and this is where it flowers best but it tolerates partial shade perfectly
- Charcoal tolerates all types of soil, whether acidic or calcareous, heavy or well drained
- Water regularly after planting
In hedges, keep a spacing of at least 80 cm to 1 m between each subject.
- Find all our planting advice
Multiply the charcoal:
Charcoal is easily propagated by cuttings and grafting.
This is the technique of cuttings that is the easiest and fastest to carry out to multiply your charcoals.
- Take your cuttings at the end of summer from semi-hardened wood.
- Soak the cutting in cutting hormone to aid root development.
- Keep the cuttings under a frame throughout the winter.
- Here are our tips for good cuttings
Size and care of charcoal
Size is not essential, it is used if you want to reduce or reshape the silhouette.
- Prune in the fall or spring to balance the tree for persistent species
- Prefer a fairly straightforward end of winter pruning for deciduous species in order to keep a compact pot
- Avoid pruning in times of cold and especially frost.
Maintenance is very easy and requires little care apart from the waistline.
Watering the charcoal:
Charcoal is a shrub that requires relatively little watering, except during prolonged drought.
Potted charcoal also has greater water requirements.
- Remember to clean the charcoal base regularly to remove weeds and break down the crust that prevents water from draining.
- Water the potted charcoal as soon as the soil is dry on the surface.
Charcoal is fairly hardy and resistant to diseases and pests but can be prone to attack by mites, aphids and mealybugs.
> Here's how to fight aphids
> Here's how to fight mealybugs
Among the most common diseases in charcoal, we note powdery mildew, which is characterized by a whitish down on the leaves.
> Here's how to fight against powdery mildew
To know about charcoal
The charcoal fruits are unique and the many varieties will allow you to choose the most varied colors.
> ATTENTION: charcoal berries are poisonous and can lead to serious digestive problems.
The fruits are contained by capsules that open in the fall. Their seeds naturally attract birds thanks to their yellow, red or orange color that contrasts with the red of their envelope.
- Most of the time persistent, this shrub is often found in hedges.
- Deciduous, its leaves are magnificent in the fall and alternate between purple, orange and pink.
Charcoal is good when it is enjoying a real summer, but it fears heat waves, which is why it is seldom seen around the Mediterranean.
It does not fear frost and can therefore be planted almost everywhere in our climates.
> Species of deciduous charcoals : Euonymus alatus, Euonymus europaes
> Species of persistent charcoals : Euonymus fortunei, Euonymus japonicus
Smart tip about charcoal
Charcoal is perfectly suited to evergreen hedges and will also bring you a wide variety of often original colors.